The Camp David Accord 1978
The Camp David Accord 1978 was once thought to be a sway of fresh breeze under the hot weather in the wake of extremely stressed situation between Arab countries on the one hand and Israel on the other. The Camp David Accord was declared to be a failure by the future analysts. It was a milestone in respect of ending the deadlock between Zionists and Arab nationalists, giving way for the foundation of agreement for the opposing parties. However, time has shown that the Camp David Accord would not prove very helpful in maintaining peace in the region.Three horrible wars had already been fought between the two rival parties in the region during 1948, 1967, and 1973, but these fruitless wars could not mitigate the tension and malice in the Middle East. Instead, these wars accelerated the enmity which seems to have no end at all. Arab countries were pounded mercilessly by the young Israel. This continued in the clashes between Arabs and Israelis in respect of the losses in men and material, as Chomsky views: The total number of Israelis killed in all acts of terror from 1967 is 282, less than the number killed by Israel’s air terrorists in Beirut on July 17-18 1981 in retaliation after a PLO response to Israeli bombing that broke the cease-fire.1President Anwar Sadat of Egypt was the first to acknowledge and realize the significance of the need for peace talks with Israel. He was the first Arab ruler to visit Israel in November 1977. While there he became the first Arab ruler to address the Israeli Parliament. It aroused a lot of resentment in the Arab world, who strongly protested against this step of President Sadat. Mohamed Kadry Said states: After the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, Egyptian security policies and threat perceptions began to shift as a result of the change in Egypt’s leadership from president Gamal Abdel-Nasser to Anwar Sadat and the emerging peace process between Israel and Egypt. Sadat’s foreign policy posture and perception of Egyptian national security needs were drastically different.