The Nature Causes and Effects of Stress at Work
Stress is a result of physical and emotional nervousness and anxiety that a person suffers due to pressures from people living in his surrounding or events happening in his life. We say that we are stressed out when we feel that things are becoming too much uncontrollable, we become overworked with finding solutions and start wondering if we can at all deal with the strain imposed upon us. According to Richard Lazarus (1999), psychological stress was in fact first adopted from the comparisons made in physics and engineering as Robert Hooke discussed how an external force creates strain when it is applied on a structure. Over time, this particular use of stress was applied to models of psychological stress in which the stressor becomes the external force while the stress response becomes the reaction of one’s body to the stressor. As proposed by Lazarus and Folkman (1984), psychological stress is a relationship that exists between an individual and his environment that is considered as a threatening force to his well-being. A complex interaction exists among the events that are happening in the environment, how an individual perceives such events, and the means that he has to deal with in determining the level of stress that he is experiencing. Individual differences influence response to various environmental stressors.
Stress at work is the stress experienced during one’s job or at the workplace. The stress that a person experiences otherwise gets added to the stress that waits for him at the workplace. Segal et al (2008) assert that while some stress is a normal part of life, excessive stress interferes with your productivity and reduces your physical and emotional health, so it’s important to find ways to keep it under control.nbsp.