The Six Countries Surrender of Elements of Sovereignty
There was a dire need to build what was ruined and Europe has the choice of whether to pursue this as an integrated region or as individual countries. As to the integration, there were two political and economic models invented at that time – the long history of nation-building wherein economic integration follows political unification and the model of Zolverrein where political unification follows economic integration (Lecture, Topic 2: From Post War Reconstruction to the European Coal and Steel Community)One of the aftermaths of World War II is the European Coal and Steel Community, a moved that strengthened both the economic and political ties of the surviving European countries. “The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty was signed in Paris in 1951” (Europa.eu). It involved the Benelux countries of Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands together with West Germany, France and Italy. Its goal was to “organize a free movement of coal and free access to sources of production” (Europa.eu). One of the unique aspects of the integration was the establishment of a common High Authority which supervised the market including the competition rules and price transparency. The ECSC Treaty became the “origin of the institutions as we know them today” (Europa.eu).The ECSC was the first community organization that was created as an aftermath of the 2nd World War. The devastation brought by the war needed economic reconstruction of the European continent and attaint lasting peace. Since coal and steel were the basic industry of the two countries France and Germany, “the idea of pooling Franco-German coal and steel production came about” (Europa.eu). Thus the European Coal and Steel Community was formed. Obviously, the war has made both countries realized that a truce between them would help establish both their political and economic health. Thus the strong necessity for a truce led to the acceptanceof the necessity to submit some elements of their sovereignty to a Higher Authority.