Selfawareness and Career Management Mobility and Job Embeddedness
Conversely, economic mobility is concerned with the improvement in the economic conditions of people. Job mobility is explained in terms of movement that people make for the sake of a job. However, one quality remains the same: all dimensional analyses of mobility have the aspect of movement common to them. From the perspective of employment, labor mobility is an important and recurring terminology. Labor mobility is defined as the ability of workers and the ease with which they can switch between different employment activities (Jütting amp. Laiglesia, 2009). Labor mobility is an important indicator of how flexible the market of a country is. The more the mobility, the more matching is present between the workers and their jobs. The significance of labor mobility lies in the fact that the more the job is suited to the person, the higher the returns, a factor that is valued greatly for the reduction of poverty. Labor mobility does not necessarily entail shifting between formal and informal markets. It can generally be regarded as the individual changes that are brought about by the movement of people between jobs in the labor market activity. Therefore labor mobility is generally classed into job mobility and spatial mobility. Job mobility refers to the movement of people between jobs whereas spatial mobility is related to the geographical relocation of people for the purpose of employment. Job mobility is further divided into industrial and occupational mobility, dealing with changes in the industry and the occupation respectively (Jütting amp. Laiglesia, 2009).Job embeddedness encompasses all the factors that are responsible for keeping a person from leaving his or her job. It is indicative of the overall construct or the glue due to which the person does not leave his or her job. Embeddedness has also been described as the notion that relates to the contingent nature of economic activity with respect to social cognition, social structure, institutions, and culture (Griffeth amp. Hom, 2004). Job embeddedness does not constitute the mere aspect of leaving one’s job.