The Gods Are on Earth
As the word ‘monomyth’ suggests ‘mono’ means ‘one’ or ‘single’ and according to Gerard Naddaf(2000), the Greek word ‘myth’ (original ‘muthos’ or ‘mythos’), ‘word’,’advice’or ‘ a story’( Translator’s Intro).So, monomyth means ‘the single myth’ or ‘the same myth’ behind all the myths in the world, as William Indick(2004.p71-72)observes:The universal quality of mythology is revealed in the archetypal figures and themes that pervade the myth. An inherent structure can be perceived throughout all mythology. Cambell called this structure the ‘monomyth’… The monomyth is a single structure, just as the hero is a single figure. Just as the hero has a thousand faces, the myth has a thousand plots. In turn, both the hero and his myth share common archetypal elements.Cambell took this word from Finnegans Wake by James Joyce. As the word occurs on page 581 of this book, ‘And his monomyth! Ah ho! Say no more about it! I am sorry! I saw……’ Cambell used the word ‘monomyth’ to refer to the journey of a hero which is almost the same in all myths in the world. In his famous book The Hero with a Thousand Faces(2008), he explains that ‘the standard path’ of a monomyth hero contains the three stages: ‘Seperation—Initiation—- Return’(p23).A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder(x): fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won(y): the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man (z).(Joseph Campbellpp23).These three stages contain substages. Campbell enumerates around 17 stages.