Borderline Personality Disorder
The presence of the stressor as part of the diagnosis differentiates PTSD from other disorders and makes it a uniquely complex phenomenon. (page number) persistent (more than one month) re-experiencing of the trauma (this category of symptoms is titled intrusive memories in Johnson, 2004), persistent (more than one month) avoidance of trauma-associated stimuli and suppression of general responsiveness (avoidance behavior according to Johnson, 2004), persistent (more than one month) symptoms of hyperarousal (or, according to Johnson, 2004, hyper-vigilance), and disruption of psychological and functional equilibrium. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is defined as a highly prevalent, chronic, and debilitating psychiatric problem associated with the following symptoms: a pattern of chaotic and self-defeating interpersonal relationships, emotional lability, poor impulse control, angry outbursts, frequent suicidality, and self-mutilation (Levy, 2005, p. 259). Kernberg (2004), who considered the organization of the personality to be crucially determined by effective responses as displayed under conditions of peak affect states, adds to this definition: identity diffusion and the … the predominance of primitive defensive operations centering on splitting among the key symptoms of this psychological dysfunction noting that they are accompanied by the presence of good reality testing (p. 99). The researcher meant that although the patient imagined himself living in the paranoid.Yen et al. (2002) conducted a similar study to analyze the correlation of the aforementioned two disorders within the population of 668 individuals between the ages of 18 and 45 years.